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Neco 2023 Food and Nutrition Objective And Theory Questions And Answers
By on July 13th, 2023. Neco


M – Pericarp
N – Episperm
O – Granule
P – Aleurone layer
Q – Seedling

The major nutrient stored in the part labelled Q is starch

(i) Palm oil – Saturated fatty acids
(ii) Soybean oil – Unsaturated fatty acids
(iii) Coconut oil – Saturated fatty acids
(iv) Olive oil – Unsaturated fatty acids

(i) Proteins act as biological catalysts accelerating chemical reactions in the body.
(ii) Proteins provide structural support to cells and tissues.
(iii) Proteins act as carriers helping to transport various molecules and ions across cell membranes.
(iv) Proteins function as hormones which are chemical messengers that regulate various physiological processes.
(v) Proteins help to identify and neutralize harmful invaders protecting the body from infections.
(vi) Proteins such as actin and myosin interact with each other to generate the force required for muscle movement.

Entertainment refers to any form of activity, performance, or presentation that is designed to amuse, entertain, or provide enjoyment to an audience. It can include various forms such as movies, music, theater, sports, games, books, art, and recreational activities.

Food budgeting refers to the process of planning and managing expenses related to food consumption within a specified budget. It involves allocating a certain amount of money for purchasing food items and making decisions on how to spend that budget wisely.

Pasteurization is a process that involves heating a liquid, typically food or beverages, to a specific temperature and then rapidly cooling it to destroy or inhibit the growth of harmful microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. It helps reduce the risk of foodborne illnesses by making the food or beverage safer for consumption while preserving its quality and nutritional value.

(i) Under nutrition refers to a lack of adequate nutrients and calories in the diet leading to malnourishment and deficiencies in the body. Over nutrition on the other hand refers to excessive consumption of nutrients and calories often leading to obesity and related health issues.

(ii) Under nutrition is commonly associated with poverty limited access to nutritious food and inadequate intake of essential nutrients like proteins vitamins and minerals While Over nutrition on the other hand is commonly associated with excessive consumption of processed and high-calorie foods sedentary lifestyles and overeating.

Bile – Bile plays a crucial role in digestion by emulsifying fats and breaking them down into smaller particles that can be easily absorbed by the body. It is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder before being released into the small intestine.

Insulin – Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that regulates glucose metabolism in the body by helping cells absorb sugar from the blood. It plays an important role in digestion by controlling the uptake and utilization of glucose by the body’s cells, which is essential for providing energy to the body.

(i)Both steaming and boiling use water as a cooking medium. In steaming, food is cooked by the hot steam generated from boiling water, while in boiling, food is cooked in hot water.

(ii)Both cooking methods are relatively quick and simple, and they are ideal for cooking vegetables, grains, and seafood. They are also healthy cooking methods that help preserve the nutritional value of the food being prepared.

A hostess is a woman who is responsible for receiving and entertaining guests in her home or at a social event. She is responsible for ensuring that her guests are comfortable, have access to refreshments, and are enjoying themselves.

Consumer education refers to the process of equipping individuals with the knowledge, skills, and information necessary to make informed decisions as consumers. It aims to empower consumers and enable them to understand their rights and responsibilities, as well as make wise choices in the marketplace.

(i) Empowers consumers: Consumer education empowers individuals by providing them with the necessary knowledge and skills to navigate the marketplace confidently.

(ii) Protects consumer rights: It helps consumers understand their legal rights, such as the right to safety, right to information, right to choose, and right to redress

(iii) Promotes financial literacy: It helps consumers understand their legal rights, such as the right to safety, right to information, right to choose, and right to redress.

(iv) Fosters a fair marketplace: By promoting consumer awareness and knowledge, consumer education contributes to the development of a fair and competitive marketplace.

(i) All-purpose flour
(ii) Sugar
(iii) Yeast
(iv) Milk or water
(v) Eggs
(vi) Butter or vegetable oil
(vii) Salt
(viii) Vanilla extract
(ix) Nutmeg or cinnamon

(i) Sprinkles
(ii) Shredded coconut

Food additives are substances added to food to enhance its flavor, texture, appearance or shelf life. In other words they can be synthetic or derived from natural sources and include preservatives, colorants, flavor enhancers, stabilizers, thickeners, and emulsifiers.

(i)Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
(ii)Sodium nitrite

(i) poultry is a better source of protein. While beef is a higher fat and higher calorie meat
(ii) Poultry comes from cattle birds such as chicken, turkey and duck while Beef comes from cattle and cow e.t.c

(i) Wash your hands frequently.
(ii) Ensure proper food storage.

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I’m a blogger living in Nigeria. I like to share education guides and information from various sources. I created Jambclass to serve as a platform to disseminate quality, credible and dependable information regarding various ways to excel academically. I strive to keep Nigerian youths and students informed. I started this Blog with the Vision To Inspire and Empower Young Persons; helping them Realize and Maximize their Potential.

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